equality

All posts tagged equality

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The Universal Declaration of Human Rights

The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) is a milestone document in the history of human rights. Drafted by representatives with different legal and cultural backgrounds from all regions of the world, the Declaration was proclaimed by the United Nations General Assembly in Paris on 10 December 1948 (General Assembly resolution 217 A) as a common standard of achievements for all peoples and all nations. It sets out, for the first time, fundamental human rights to be universally protected and it has been translated into over 500 languages.

Article 16.

(1) Men and women of full age, without any limitation due to race, nationality or religion, have the right to marry and to found a family. They are entitled to equal rights as to marriage, during marriage and at its dissolution.
(2) Marriage shall be entered into only with the free and full consent of the intending spouses.
(3) The family is the natural and fundamental group unit of society and is entitled to protection by society and the State.

Marriage and family. Since the family is the fundamental unit of society, it must be protected. Since marriage is the strongest bond two people can form, it must be able to be entered into freely and consensually by both parties. Both parties must have equal rights in all aspects and stages of marriage. These rights must not be abrogated due to race, nationality or religion. I believe if they were writing this article today, they would include other factors like sexual orientation.

rjb

Credit Hanson Phan – CC-BY-SA

The Universal Declaration of Human Rights

The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) is a milestone document in the history of human rights. Drafted by representatives with different legal and cultural backgrounds from all regions of the world, the Declaration was proclaimed by the United Nations General Assembly in Paris on 10 December 1948 (General Assembly resolution 217 A) as a common standard of achievements for all peoples and all nations. It sets out, for the first time, fundamental human rights to be universally protected and it has been translated into over 500 languages.

Article 15.

(1) Everyone has the right to a nationality.
(2) No one shall be arbitrarily deprived of his nationality nor denied the right to change his nationality.

This seems obvious in this age of nations. One of the fundamental attributes of a person is their nationality. It’s not a given, though. There is always the threat of disenfranchisement, and article 15 is meant to prevent that. We are all entitled to have, keep or change our nationality.

rjb

Public Domain

The Universal Declaration of Human Rights

The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) is a milestone document in the history of human rights. Drafted by representatives with different legal and cultural backgrounds from all regions of the world, the Declaration was proclaimed by the United Nations General Assembly in Paris on 10 December 1948 (General Assembly resolution 217 A) as a common standard of achievements for all peoples and all nations. It sets out, for the first time, fundamental human rights to be universally protected and it has been translated into over 500 languages.

Article 14.

(1) Everyone has the right to seek and to enjoy in other countries asylum from persecution.
(2) This right may not be invoked in the case of prosecutions genuinely arising from non-political crimes or from acts contrary to the purposes and principles of the United Nations.

This article says that if you are being persecuted in your own country, then you have the right to seek asylum in other countries. While this stops short of preventing abuses within a country, it at least provides the possibility of escaping and seeking sanctuary elsewhere.

Part 2 of the article makes it clear that it doesn’t apply to genuine criminals.

rjb

Credit Anthony Maw – CC-BY-SA


The Universal Declaration of Human Rights

The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) is a milestone document in the history of human rights. Drafted by representatives with different legal and cultural backgrounds from all regions of the world, the Declaration was proclaimed by the United Nations General Assembly in Paris on 10 December 1948 (General Assembly resolution 217 A) as a common standard of achievements for all peoples and all nations. It sets out, for the first time, fundamental human rights to be universally protected and it has been translated into over 500 languages.

Article 13.

(1) Everyone has the right to freedom of movement and residence within the borders of each state.
(2) Everyone has the right to leave any country, including his own, and to return to his country.

In spite of the fact that they used the masculine pronoun for a gender-neutral third person singular pronoun, I think we can forgive them because they were in the steely grip of the grammarians who insisted that using the epicene “they” was unacceptable. The important thing is that article thirteen says that no one shall be a prisoner of their country, or in their country. This article says that everyone has the right to move about within, depart from and return to their country.

rjb

Public Domain

The Universal Declaration of Human Rights

The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) is a milestone document in the history of human rights. Drafted by representatives with different legal and cultural backgrounds from all regions of the world, the Declaration was proclaimed by the United Nations General Assembly in Paris on 10 December 1948 (General Assembly resolution 217 A) as a common standard of achievements for all peoples and all nations. It sets out, for the first time, fundamental human rights to be universally protected and it has been translated into over 500 languages.

Article 12.

No one shall be subjected to arbitrary interference with his privacy, family, home or correspondence, nor to attacks upon his honour and reputation. Everyone has the right to the protection of the law against such interference or attacks.

This article addresses privacy, security and reputation. The sanctity of a person’s privacy, person, family and home is a human right and must be protected. A person’s communications must not be interferred with, pried into or impeded. And a person’s character must not be slandered or libeled.

rjb