equality

All posts tagged equality

CC0 Public Domain

The Universal Declaration of Human Rights

The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) is a milestone document in the history of human rights. Drafted by representatives with different legal and cultural backgrounds from all regions of the world, the Declaration was proclaimed by the United Nations General Assembly in Paris on 10 December 1948 (General Assembly resolution 217 A) as a common standard of achievements for all peoples and all nations. It sets out, for the first time, fundamental human rights to be universally protected and it has been translated into over 500 languages.

Article 27.

(1) Everyone has the right freely to participate in the cultural life of the community, to enjoy the arts and to share in scientific advancement and its benefits.
(2) Everyone has the right to the protection of the moral and material interests resulting from any scientific, literary or artistic production of which he is the author.

Culture. This article states that everyone has the right to partake of and participate in the arts, culture and science in their community. Further, they are entitled to any benefit coming from their artistic, cultural or scientific contributions to their community.

rjb

Public Domain

The Universal Declaration of Human Rights

The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) is a milestone document in the history of human rights. Drafted by representatives with different legal and cultural backgrounds from all regions of the world, the Declaration was proclaimed by the United Nations General Assembly in Paris on 10 December 1948 (General Assembly resolution 217 A) as a common standard of achievements for all peoples and all nations. It sets out, for the first time, fundamental human rights to be universally protected and it has been translated into over 500 languages.

Article 26.

(1) Everyone has the right to education. Education shall be free, at least in the elementary and fundamental stages. Elementary education shall be compulsory. Technical and professional education shall be made generally available and higher education shall be equally accessible to all on the basis of merit.
(2) Education shall be directed to the full development of the human personality and to the strengthening of respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms. It shall promote understanding, tolerance and friendship among all nations, racial or religious groups, and shall further the activities of the United Nations for the maintenance of peace.
(3) Parents have a prior right to choose the kind of education that shall be given to their children.

The right to universal, free education. Basic education shall be free and compulsory for all people. Higher education shall be available and equally accessible to all. Its aim will be to fully develop the potential in all persons, and to promote respect for human rights and freedoms for all. Parents have first and ultimate say in the kind of education their children receive.

rjb

Credit epictop10 – CC-BY

The Universal Declaration of Human Rights

The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) is a milestone document in the history of human rights. Drafted by representatives with different legal and cultural backgrounds from all regions of the world, the Declaration was proclaimed by the United Nations General Assembly in Paris on 10 December 1948 (General Assembly resolution 217 A) as a common standard of achievements for all peoples and all nations. It sets out, for the first time, fundamental human rights to be universally protected and it has been translated into over 500 languages.

Article 25.

(1) Everyone has the right to a standard of living adequate for the health and well-being of himself and of his family, including food, clothing, housing and medical care and necessary social services, and the right to security in the event of unemployment, sickness, disability, widowhood, old age or other lack of livelihood in circumstances beyond his control.

(2) Motherhood and childhood are entitled to special care and assistance. All children, whether born in or out of wedlock, shall enjoy the same social protection.

We all have the right to adequate food, clothing, housing, medical care and social support. In addition, we have the right to support if we become unemployed, sick, disabled, widowed, old or anything else beyond our control. I think we can assume that the writers of this declaration didn’t mean for these rights to apply to people who suffer those setbacks deliberately.

These rights are especially directed at mothers and children, whether the mothers are married or not. This stipulation ensures that mothers and children can’t be punished merely for not being in a marriage.

rjb

Pierre Puvis de Chavannes – Creative Commons CC0 Public Domain

The Universal Declaration of Human Rights

The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) is a milestone document in the history of human rights. Drafted by representatives with different legal and cultural backgrounds from all regions of the world, the Declaration was proclaimed by the United Nations General Assembly in Paris on 10 December 1948 (General Assembly resolution 217 A) as a common standard of achievements for all peoples and all nations. It sets out, for the first time, fundamental human rights to be universally protected and it has been translated into over 500 languages.

Article 24.

Everyone has the right to rest and leisure, including reasonable limitation of working hours and periodic holidays with pay.

I don’t think there’s much I can do to paraphrase or clarify this one. Rest, leisure, limited working hours, paid holiday time. Improving the status of working people with respect to their employers.

rjb

Workers – Pierre Bonnard – Public Domain

The Universal Declaration of Human Rights

The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) is a milestone document in the history of human rights. Drafted by representatives with different legal and cultural backgrounds from all regions of the world, the Declaration was proclaimed by the United Nations General Assembly in Paris on 10 December 1948 (General Assembly resolution 217 A) as a common standard of achievements for all peoples and all nations. It sets out, for the first time, fundamental human rights to be universally protected and it has been translated into over 500 languages.

Article 23.

(1) Everyone has the right to work, to free choice of employment, to just and favourable conditions of work and to protection against unemployment.
(2) Everyone, without any discrimination, has the right to equal pay for equal work.
(3) Everyone who works has the right to just and favourable remuneration ensuring for himself and his family an existence worthy of human dignity, and supplemented, if necessary, by other means of social protection.
(4) Everyone has the right to form and to join trade unions for the protection of his interests.

Article twenty-three is about the right to work. It says we should be able to choose what work we do. The working conditions should be good. We should be insured if we become unemployed. We all have a right to equal pay for the same work. The pay should allow us to keep our family with dignity. If the pay is inadequate, it should be supplemented by social security. We all have the right to belong to a trade union.

Things are better than they used to be, sort of. We have many of those rights, even if only in principle. In practice it seems as if the rights are merely tokens of what they could be, in many cases, given grudgingly and ignored whenever possible. There is constant erosion of them, with persistent attempts to to reverse them. We will lose them if we don’t protect them.

rjb